Diabetes at an early stage can be effectively managed with lifestyle modification
Does the word ‘Dessert’ raise your anxiety levels? For many diabetics ‘living a sweet life’ is not that difficult as they might feel! The diseases may always be at the forefront of your mind as the many misconceptions surrounding it leave little room for rational thinking.
According to the International Diabetes Federation South-east Asia, there were 69.1 million cases of diabetes in India in 2015.
“Type 2 is the most common type of diabetes and is usually diagnosed in people after the age of 35. Lifestyle modifications are an important part in the treatment of type 2 diabetes. Simple diet and exercise may alone work for some patients. It can be prevented, if recognized at an early stage,” said Dr. Rajeshwari Janakiraman, Senior Consultant - Endocrinology, Columbia Asia Hospital, Yeshwanthpur.
Type 2 diabetes is also found to be associated with heart disease, and therefore it's very important to not only treat the glucose levels, but also to maintain blood pressure and cholesterol levels. In most people it runs very strongly from generation to generation.
Setting up positive goals, proper diet management and education is beneficial for diabetic patients in long run.
Following lifestyle modifications can go a long way in ensuring effective management of diabetes, according to Dr Rajeshwari:
Understanding the three key principles of eating: What to eat, how much to eat, and when to eat, can be really beneficial. Try to have a platter that contains little amount of carbohydrate, protein, fiber, mineral and vitamins and space your meals evenly throughout the day. In any case do not skip your meals.
For people with Type 2 diabetes, aerobic activity is a must as it helps in improving blood flow. It not only makes your heart and bones strong but also relieves stress, thus helping your insulin work well. Taking a brisk walk for 30 to 40 minutes every day is the best way of keeping yourself active.
Losing a lot of weight is not required. To begin with, just losing 5-10% of excess body weight can make a difference. Losing weight can improve your blood glucose, blood pressure and cholesterol.
It is better to make a chart or set reminders so that you don’t forget to take your medicines routinely. Your doctor may prescribe you some medicines to help you keep your blood glucose in your target range. Make sure you don’t miss these.
Checking Blood Glucose
Checking your blood glucose on regular basis is important. It is one way to know how food, medicines and exercises are affecting your blood glucose.
Different people have different feelings about getting type 2 diabetes. Some people get angry while some suffer from depression. Senses of loss, fear or stress are some of the usual reactions. These feeling are completely normal and one should find ways of getting out of these.